The 2014 program, held March 27 – April 1, 2014, was to design a “Case Study” House, as an exploratory analysis of a new way of residential living for the evolving definition of ‘single-family’. Mark's response is described and pictured below.
Case Study House 29
Designing a case study in current day in relation to an idea that began seventy years ago much has changed in American life. In examination of the vast differences of lifestyle within this time Case Study House 29 (CSH29) focuses on the differences in technology. Many things have changed with the case study house’ emphasis to “create reductive yet experimental modes of design and construction,” the largest opportunity is technology.
In the 1940’s the case study homes were designed to be built and replicated anywhere in the United States, leaving out site relationships and regional climate that are key to making architecture work well. CSH29 does not focus on the duplication of its plan or exterior esthetic but rather the technology that is used to create. With today’s technology 3d printing, algorithmic design, and use of information; the new case study house allows for individual performance based on duplication of construction approach. Since the 40’s construction of residential structures has changed little. The first case study house in post war America ushered in the wide use of steel, plywood, glass, aluminum, resilient materials and open spaces into residential design.
CSH29 strives to lead a new era of materiality and construct-ability. With labor, material and energy costs rising a better solution must be found. CSH29 focuses on research from MIT and Loughborough University studying 3D printing of concrete and recyclable materials. CSH29 is a duplicable construction method using large format 3D printers and the medium of recycled Infra-Lightweight Concrete developed in Germany.
The idea stems from the ability to quickly create build-able units from an easily transported 3D printer created in sizes that are readily handled by one or two workers. The cubes work in compression like a historic dorm or arch, compressing against one another to create its own structure. After erected it is tied together with post tensioning by cables strung through the units to allow for cantilevers and large spans.
This construction method becomes the structure, the chase ways for mechanics and electrics, the apertures for light and even the final finishes. Each unit is unique as a snowflake, once again they are individual performances that are capable of duplication, no two units exact, however they share this duplicitous method. The units forms and shapes are generated by structure logarithm that runs real time during construction, each unit has an RF ID tag on its corners. Through GPS the 3D printer can make adjustments in real time as construction is happening if slight modifications are needed.
Case Study House 29 ushers is an age where the method is duplication, the project is individual and a greater relationship through technology is established through the Architecture and relationship to site."